Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.
Breathing polluted air puts you at a higher risk for asthma and other respiratory diseases.
When exposed to ground ozone for 6 to 7 hours, scientific evidence show that healthy people’s lung function decreased and they suffered from respiratory inflammation.
Air pollutants are mostly carcinogens and living in a polluted area can put people at risk of Cancer.
Coughing and wheezing are common symptoms observed on city folks.
Damages the immune system, endocrine and reproductive systems.
High levels of particle pollution have been associated with higher incidents of heart problems.
The burning of fossil fuels and the release of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are causing the Earth to become warmer. Read about the effects of Global Warming .
The toxic chemicals released into the air settle into plants and water sources. Animals eat the contaminated plants and drink the water.
About 77.2 million people are expected to be Pre diabetic in India. PRE-DIABETES means when your blood glucose level (blood sugar level) is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes. These people are at high risk of getting diabetes.
Almost 90 to 95% of diabetes is of type 2 or maturity onset type; that affects people in their middle age. Diabetes causes 6 deaths every minute and one in 20 deaths in the world is due to the condition. Every year it is estimated that 3.2 million people in the world die due to diabetes or its related causes. From various studies and research done globally it has been found that Diabetes is number one cause of KIDNEY FAILURE in the world and also a major cause of HEART DISEASE, STROKE AND CATARACT.
1- Check your risk of diabetes :- Take the Life! risk assessment test and learn more about your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. A 12+ score indicates that you are at high risk and may be eligible for the Life! program - a free Victorian lifestyle modification program that helps you reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
2- Manage your weight :- Excess body fat, particularly if stored around the abdomen, can increase the body’s resistance to the hormone insulin. This can lead to type 2 diabetes.
3- Exercise regularly:- Moderate physical activity on most days of the week helps manage weight, reduce blood glucose levels and may also improve blood pressure and cholesterol.
4- Eat a balanced, healthy diet :- Reduce the amount of fat in your diet, especially saturated and trans fats. Eat more fruit, vegetables and high-fibre foods. Cut back on salt.
5- Limit takeaway and processed foods:- ‘Convenience meals’ are usually high in salt, fat and kilojoules. It’s best to cook for yourself using fresh ingredients whenever possible.
6- Limit your alcohol intake:- TToo much alcohol can lead to weight gain and may increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Men should have no more than two standard drinks a day and women should have no more than one.
7- Quit smoking :- Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers.
8- Control your blood pressure:- Most people can do this with regular exercise, a balanced diet and by keeping a healthy weight. In some cases, you might need medication prescribed by your doctor.
9- Reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease :- Diabetes and cardiovascular disease have many risk factors in common, including obesity and physical inactivity.
10- See your doctor for regular check-ups:- As you get older, it’s a good idea to regularly check your blood glucose, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.