Hypertension is a very common condition in India leading to numerous hospitalizations and complications. There are nearly 125 million people with diagnosed hypertension, and the number is expected to go up to 213 million by 2025. Like other lifestyle disorders, this also leads to a huge burden on the affected person and the socio-economic status of the nation. High blood pressure is the force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
Hypertension is yet another disorder that is result of bad life style and is closely linked to Coronary heart disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. the onset may be very silent during which period damage to the blood vessels and heart, eyes may occur. When uncontrolled it can lead to heart attacks, strokes, retinal hemorrhage.
It can be easily detected by checking ones BP. Once diagnosed, it should be treated properly under the guidance of a good physician.
Most people with high blood pressure are asymptomatic even when their readings are high. Headaces, nausea, vomiting, nose-bleeds, giddiness are some of the mild symptoms. If not detected and treated, it may lead to fatal complications like Cerebrovascular strokes, CAD, (heart attack)
You'll likely have your blood pressure taken as part of a routine doctor's appointment.Even children should get their blood pressure recorded when they visit their doctor on a yearly basis. Above 18 years, BP should be checked in both arms every 2 years.
There are two types of high blood pressure.
Primary (essential) hypertension There's no identifiable cause of high blood pressure and tends to develop gradually over many years.
Secondary hypertensionUsually due to other causes like:
High blood pressure has many risk factors, including:
Although high blood pressure is most common in adults, children may be at risk, too.
The excessive pressure on your artery walls caused by high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels, as well as organs in your body. The higher your blood pressure and the longer it goes uncontrolled, the greater the damage. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to.
If you think you may have high blood pressure, make an appointment with your family doctor or health care provider to have your blood pressure checked.
To measure your blood pressure, your doctor or a specialist will usually place an inflatable arm cuff around your arm and measure your blood pressure using a pressure-measuring gauge.
A blood pressure reading, given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), has two numbers. The first, or upper, number measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats (systolic pressure). The second, or lower, number measures the pressure in your arteries between beats (diastolic pressure).
Blood pressure measurements fall into four general categories:
An important way to check if your blood pressure treatment is working, or to diagnose worsening high blood pressure, is to monitor your blood pressure at home.
Changing your lifestyle can go a long way toward controlling high blood pressure. Your doctor may recommend you eat a healthy diet with less salt, exercise regularly, quit smoking and maintain a healthy weight. But sometimes lifestyle changes aren't
*Although 120/80 mm Hg or lower is the ideal blood pressure goal, Consult your doctor as to what your goals should be. Follow medical advice properly.
Do your regular laboratory testing
No matter what medications your doctor prescribes to treat your high blood pressure, you'll need to make lifestyle changes to lower your blood pressure.
Your doctor may recommend several lifestyle changes, including:
High blood pressure isn't a problem that you can treat and then ignore. It's a condition you need to manage for the rest of your life. To keep your blood pressure under control:
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